Latvian is the official language of the Republic of Latvia. There are approximately 1.4 million native speakers of Latvian, most of whom are located in Latvia.
Latvian is classified as a Baltic language, a group of its own within the Indo-European language family and is most closely related to Lithuanian, although they are not mutually intelligible. The Latvian language is generally considered to have three main dialects. Central, High Latvian and Tamian. Standard Latvian is based on the Central dialect.
Latvian is written using the Latin alphabet and is composed of 33 letters, which include the following: a, c, e, g, i, k l, o, n, r, š, u, z.